Caramel nut tart

Making a pastry that beats or rivals that of a pastry shop isn’t something that happens to me very often. I mean, a good cookie or muffin are doable, but those more delicate, often French, pastries, aren’t as easy. But, this caramel nut tart exceeded all expectations. It’s made by …

Sugar cooking & Temperature stages

Whenever making caramel, marshmallows, honeycomb or just about any other sugar candy you’ll often find that recipe either tells you to boil a sugar syrup to a certain temperature. Or, they’ll tell you to cook it to a certain stage, for instance, soft ball or a hard crack stage. The first …

Making jam – the Science

If you have fruit trees or plants in your garden you’re probably also swamped with these fruits during certain times of the year. And who has enough space to store 5 kg of figs or 20kg of apples? Nowawadays commercial farmers have luckily found a solution for this. Fruits can …

Phase diagrams – Demystifying ice cream

When you’re eating your ice cream, your caramel or a nice piece of fudge you might not realize that you’re actually consuming a scientifically highly complex product! The interactions between concentrations of sugar and water combined with temperature make for a great physical phenomenon. These are actually products which are …

Freezing point of caramel

Not too long ago I got a question from someone who wanted to know the freezing point of caramel. Thinking about it, caramel in ice creams are just about always soft… This got me interested, because answering this question allows me to explain some great physics! The short answer is …