An introduction to food rheology

Within the food industry it is very important to understand how your food will behave. Will it be deformed (too) easily (a muffin), will it flow through a pipe (a pasta sauce), will it stay on your product (caramel topping of your cookie), will it thicken up, or not (bechamel …

Phase diagrams – Demystifying ice cream

When you’re eating your ice cream, your caramel or a nice piece of fudge you might not realize that you’re actually consuming a scientifically highly complex product! The interactions between concentrations of sugar and water combined with temperature make for a great physical phenomenon. These are actually products which are …

Freezing point of caramel

Not too long ago I got a question from someone who wanted to know the freezing point of caramel. Thinking about it, caramel in ice creams are just about always soft… This got me interested, because answering this question allows me to explain some great physics! The short answer is …

Chocolate milk & Sedimentation

In the Netherlands we don’t have any mountains, we have a hill and are pretty proud of the fact that our highest point is only a little more than a 100m above sea level. What’s more, most of our country is below sea level! Nevertheless, I adore skiing, as a …